In 312 BCE, during the Second Samnite War, the censor Appius Claudius Caecus began the construction of a new road connecting Rome with Capua, at that time the most important traffic hub of southern Italy, with the initial aim of enabling the advance of the Roman army southward.
The roadway was subsequently extended to Beneventum (Benevento) first, then to Venusium (Venosa) and finally arrived in Brundisium (Brindisi).
No Roman road ever reached the importance held by the Ancient Appian Way. The abundance of trade and the consequent high anthropic frequentation along its route facilitated the emergence of multiple economic and productive activities such as mutationes, mansiones, caupone, tabernae, hospitia, thermal complexes, such as the one at Capo di Bove, and suburban villas with agrarian functions and residential annexes, such as Villa dei Quintilii.
Sunday: Pedestrian area from piazzale Numa Pompilio
How to get there:
to visit on foot or by bicycle the best preserved stretch of the Ancient Appian Way it is possible to start from
- Mausoleo di Cecilia Metella: metro A, Colli Albani stop, and then proceed as far as the bus terminus, line 660
- Intersection via Appia Antica / via Erode Attico / via di Tor Carbone: metro A, Colli Albani stop, and then proceed by bus, line 663
- Intersection via Appia Antica / via di Casal Rotondo / via di Torricola: metro A, Colli Albani stop, then proceed by bus, line 664